Seasonal emergency preparedness

Tools to support emergency and healthcare response strategies to seasonal variability.

Seasonal emergency preparedness involves planning and readiness measures taken in anticipation of seasonal changes and their associated health impacts. By understanding these patterns, organizations can better anticipate needs and mobilize resources accordingly. Here is a non-exhaustive list of action elements to consider for optimal seasonal emergency preparedness:

Seasonal climate forecast monitoring:

  • Regularly monitor regional and local seasonal climate forecasts to anticipate upcoming weather patterns.
  • Develop calendars of main seasonal hazards (weather, health, nutrition, water access, etc.) 
  • Collaborate with climate and health specialists to use forecasts in the context of health risks.

Useful resources: 

IRI Columbia seasonal forecast

Copernicus C3S multi-system forecast

WFP’s seasonal monitor

Risk assessment:

  • Identify diseases and health conditions that have seasonal patterns (e.g., malaria during rainy seasons, respiratory illnesses in colder seasons, etc.).
  • Understand the specific vulnerabilities of the communities being supported.

Useful resources:

Global Climate-related risk analytics

The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Program

INFORM Risk Index

Training and awareness:

  • Train staff on the management and treatment of seasonal diseases.
  • Educate communities about preventive measures, symptoms to watch for and where to seek treatment.